Legal foundations

Plastics are innovative materials. They make new products possible and drive technological progress like hardly any other material.

Some plastics are subject to legal regulations which limit their application. Currently many countries are strengthening the regulations.

Plastics made from polyesters such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) do not release substances that are regulated by law. They are a pioneers of economic, environmental and social progress.

No chlorine (Cl)
Chlorine chemistry is strictly regulated worldwide. Since it is toxic and persistent, special measures are needed in the handling of chlorine in order to protect the population and the environment.

No bisphenol A (BPA) and no bisphenol S (BPS)
Bisphenol is mutagenic, carcinogenic, toxic to fetal development and damages fertility due to a hormone-like effect (estrogenic and androgynous effects). It is prohibited in many countries.

Further reading

  • International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC): Link

  • European Commission, Directorate-General Environment: Link

  • Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals, REACH: Link

  • PBA as part of Policarbonate listed as SVHC (substance of very high concern) by ECHA: Link
  • European Chemicals Agency: Link

  • Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals, REACH (Europäische Chemikalienverordnung) regarding endocrine disruptors: Link

  • Commission Directive 2014/81/EU: Link

  • BIBRA Toxicology Advice & Consulting: Link

  • Réseau Environnement Santé (RES): Link

Solutions for the environment, the economy and society

Sustainable development equally takes into account the environment, the economy and society. It meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the capability of future generations. Lützelschwab Consulting AG is committed to long-term sustainable solutions in the card market.

The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analyses the environmental impacts of products during their entire life cycle based on the approach "from cradle to grave". Studies show that polyester complies with the principles of sustainability in its entire life cycle.

The recent development from the polyester family is called Tritan™ and is characterized by its above-average durability. This leads to a longer service life of the card which significantly reduces the costs (economy of scale).

Further reading

  • United Nations Development Programme: Link

  • United Nations Millennium Development Goals: Link


Lützelschwab Consulting AG
Schönburgstrasse 41 
CH – 3013 Bern, Switzerland
T: +41 33 841 24 24
F: +41 33 841 24 00